Tag Archives: Composition

The 2017 Mid-Atlantic Summer Conference of the Conference on College Composition and Communication

This post is written by member Jessica Gordon. 

jessicagordonccccIf you are like me, before the Annual Convention of the Conference on College Composition and Communication begins, you sit with the conference program and a highlighter and eagerly mark every presentation you want to see. You quickly find that during every concurrent session, there are a plethora of presentations that you really must attend—but alas, you can see only one session at a time. In an effort to narrow down your options, you learn more about each session by researching them online, and finally, by process of elimination, you agonizingly choose just one session to attend. And if you are like me, even if that session is mind-blowing, a creeping thought plagues you: what are you missing in those presentations down the hall, the ones you chose not to see?

Last year at the CCCC Convention in Houston, Texas, I complained to a colleague that there should really be more than one CCCC Convention each year. After all, their annual conference is the only conference I can attend where I want to see one third of the presentations in every concurrent session. It is also the only conference where I can truly reconsider and improve my pedagogy while simultaneously attending presentations that will progress my research and meeting colleagues with whom I can collaborate and grow. Sadly, because there were so many intriguing presentations last year, there were necessarily too many sessions that I was not going to see. So I was overjoyed when I heard Joyce Carter announce that for the first time, CCCC would be offering a handful of regional conferences during summer 2017.

You can ask my department chair: I cried a little when I found out that our proposal to host a regional conference at Virginia Commonwealth University was accepted. Not only do I strongly believe that the consistently high attendance at the annual CCCC meeting demonstrates the need for more conferences devoted to the study of composition, but personally, I find that I learn more about pedagogy in one morning at a good conference than I do in a whole semester of lonely reflection on my own teaching. And I find good conferences to be inspiring and rejuvenating! An insightful presentation always reminds me why I teach writing, why I think written communication is the most important skill that students learn in college, and why I relish teaching students to respect and cherish the written word.

And so, we are delighted to invite you to propose a session and/or attend the 2017 Mid-Atlantic Summer Conference of the Conference on College Composition and Communication. This one-day event will be held on June 2, 2017, at Virginia Commonwealth University in historic Richmond, VA. Our intimate conference will feature a variety of types of presentations and interactive sessions. Although participants will choose which concurrent sessions and lightning talks to attend, this conference will also provide opportunities for participants to come together as one group: the morning plenary and a charette-style collaborative working session that will close the day.

We sincerely invite all teachers of writing to join us in a day of rejuvenating and inspiring discussions, and so we aim to keep this conference affordable: $50 for full-time faculty and $35 for adjuncts and graduate students.

We are excited to announce that Jonathan Alexander will deliver the keynote presentation. Alexander is Chancellor’s Professor of English at the University of California, Irvine, where he is also the director of the Center for Excellence in Writing & Communication. He has authored, coauthored, or edited twelve books, including Writing Youth: Young Adult Fiction as Literacy Sponsorship; Literacy, Sexuality, Pedagogy: Theory and Practice for Composition Studies; and On Multimodality: New Media in Composition Studies.

The deadline for proposals is January 15, 2017.

Learn more about the conference at https://focusedinquiry.vcu.edu/cccc-at-vcu/

Jessica Gordon is an assistant professor in the Department of Focused Inquiry, which is home to the writing program at Virginia Commonwealth University. Along with two colleagues, Joe Cates and Julie Gorlewski, she is hosting the 2017 Mid-Atlantic Summer Conference of the Conference on College Composition and Communication.

Supporting TAs in Multilingual Classrooms

L2WritingLogoFeb22The following post is by Norah Fahim, who is a Lecturer in the Program in Writing and Rhetoric at Stanford University.

In light of the recently updated CCCC Statement on Preparing Teachers of College Writing, there is an ever pressing call for action to provide graduate teaching assistants (TAs) with multiple professional development opportunities to aid student learning and success, specifically when “working with diverse populations such as non-native speakers of English (L2 writers), students with special learning needs, non-traditional students, and at risk student populations.” While the increase in international and domestic multilingual student enrollment in US academic institutions is now familiar to many compositionists and Second Language Writing scholar-teachers, one question that unites our responsibilities is

How can First Year Composition programs, specifically those working with TAs specializing in various subfields in English Studies, provide more relevant professional development to help address the needs of an increasingly multilingual student population in mainstream composition courses?

Given recent changes in student demographics, this question is especially pertinent when FYC TAs (like many writing instructors) are encountering a considerable demand on their time, and a heightened sense of uncertainty regarding the extent of their professional responsibilities when giving written feedback and meeting with students during office hours.

As such, this post presents a programmatic initiative taken by the University of Washington‘s (UW) Expository Writing Program (EWP) as a response to these increasing sentiments of professional uncertainty expressed by TAs. Given the scope of this post, I will showcase some the recommended feedback strategies for students’ writing as presented in the “Statement on Supporting Multilingual Language Learners.” This statement aims to “help empower students—multilingual learners and native speakers alike—to become self-editors of their own work and to research their grammar errors as a means to learn through self-correction.” A link is provided for access to the complete policy statement for the interest of other institutions.

Context

The UW, similar to numerous academic institutions across the USA, witnessed a noticeable increase in international student enrollment, amounting to 17.6% of the total number of newly enrolled undergraduates in 2014; Holistically, the total number of international student enrollments, including that of graduate students, had tripled since 2008 (a 245% increase). Other US academic institutions may relate to these changes in demographics and the accompanying concerns expressed by TAs regarding the recommended amount of written feedback: this can especially be the case when TAs have limited experience working with L2 writers.

The creation of the Statement on Supporting Multilingual Language Learners was a direct result of cross-disciplinary collaboration between graduate TAs, Faculty and WPAs with various specializations such as Language & Rhetoric, TESOL and Literature and Culture in the Department of English at the UW. All parties involved were united in their drive to clarify instructor responsibilities while fostering multilingual student success through normalizing students’ needs. A key element in these discussions was asking what kind of feedback best served the needs of not only international L2 students, but also the often less identifiable domestic multilingual L2 students. Thus a considerable number of suggested practices were based in SLW methodology: it is worth noting that all students, regardless of their language background, still require self-editing strategies that help with higher-order concerns of content, as well as lower-order concerns typically described as “grammar” issues.

Expectations

Many instructors, whether novice or experienced, would likely agree that an academic quarter or even semester is not a sufficient amount of time for L2 writers to become their own “self editors,” as also indicated by L2 research. While we all wish we had more time to work with our students, it is more manageable to have a set of suggested strategies. Students can be encouraged to take ownership of “tools that help with using grammar strategically, intentionally, and persuasively in various situations,” while having the time to focus on higher-order concerns.” Similar to “Developing Strategies” in “Activating Learning,” instructors need to introduce students to the range of self-editing strategies and campus resources available to them, as well as offer a consistent form of error feedback to help students take charge of their learning progress.

The following sections offer strategies presented in the Statement on Supporting Multilingual Language Learners:

Rationale

  • L2 writers can become their own self-editors by developing important writing and reading strategies and skills.
  • The support of feedback from composition instructors, writing centers and peers, and access to effective resources (such as handbooks) related to grammar, usage, and style can enhance students’ ability to take ownership of their final redrafting process, and can help with future classes.

On Self Editing

  • Studies have shown that students are able to self-edit their work when instructors circle or mark a check next to “grammar” errors, which has proven to be as effective as when instructors correct.
  • Cueing students to the presence of an error (without fixing the error or marking what type of error it is) and ensuring that they are aware of the available resources is sufficient for self-editing.
  • If errors prove overwhelming to reading comprehension, an instructor should invite the student to have a conversation with him or her or a Multilingual Learner consultant in addition to a range of other resources. While these resources vary across institutions, they are crucial in helping TAs feel supported in their desire to better serve the needs of their students.

Practical Applications

  • First Pathway: Revision Throughout—Fewer Assignments, Multiple Drafts of Each. This pathway allows students the opportunity to work with revision throughout the quarter, producing multiple drafts of each shorter and/or major assignment, with grammar feedback on later drafts. In this approach, instructors focus on higher order concerns in early drafts before prioritizing and selectively marking errors on later drafts, which students then edit during the portfolio sequence. This can be a good option for instructors who have a high percentage of students struggling with sentence structure issues, as it provides students with a head start on revising for their portfolios.
  • Second Pathway: “Higher Order” Feedback-Focused, Defer Grammar Cueing for Portfolio. This pathway allows for reading through error until the portfolio sequence of the course. In this approach, instructors focus mainly on higher order concerns throughout the first two sequences before attending to grammar concerns during the portfolio sequence. As such, this option requires that instructors provide the full two weeks allotted for the portfolio sequence. Note that even if you choose this pathway, you may work on a few shared grammar patterns among your students throughout the quarter, and help individual students target their most pressing issues early on.

While FYC programs learn more about their student populations, listening to the needs of TAs, who are often the backbone of the teaching workforce in FYC courses, can be a promising start for incremental change in department policies. As a continuation of such communication with TAs, we learned that novice TAs who worked with the Statement were finding that feedback practices based in SLW research also offer productive outcomes for all students, regardless of their language and cultural backgrounds. Such genuine conversations between WPAs and TAs can allow for cross-disciplinary collaboration that results in sustainable teaching practices that benefit both our students and instructors.

We just need to remember to listen to each other first.